Russian Car Sales Slams To Record Low, Amid Ukraine War

Employees work at the assembly line of the LADA Izhevsk automobile plant, part of the Avtovaz Group, in Izhevsk, Russia February 22, 2022. REUTERS/Gleb Stolyarov/File Photo

President Vladimir Putin urged the Russian government on Wednesday to control car prices. One industry head said Western sanctions could crash annual sales to below 1 million for the first time since records began.

Auto sales have fallen over 60% so far this year, and may end up being less than a quarter of what they were a decade ago, according to Maxim Sokolov, head of Russia’s top carmaker Avtovaz.

Some of this year’s drop is due to the pullout of foreign carmakers such as Renault (RENA.PA) and Mercedes-Benz and a collapse in demand due to a mass mobilisation for the Ukraine conflict.

But much is also due to falling living standards and higher prices, as well as the difficulty of securing foreign-made components after the imposition of a barrage of sanctions by Western countries in response to Russia’s military campaign in Ukraine; the latest Lada model has had to be produced without airbags or anti-lock brakes.

Speaking with top officials, Putin acknowledged that the situation was “not easy”, and asked the government to look at making cars more affordable, suggesting that prices were being raised unfairly.

“I would like to draw your attention to the need for constant control over pricing, so that under these difficulties, of which we are all aware, including logistics, no one abuses or unreasonably raises the prices of road vehicles,” he said.

“I hope that both you and the Federal Antimonopoly Service are doing this all the time.”

Trade Minister Denis Manturov told Putin that assembly lines were being ramped up at Russia’s domestic carmakers – including Avtovaz , maker of the Lada and a Renault subsidiary until May, GAZ (GAZA.MM), Kamaz (KMAZ.MM) and UAZ (SVAV.MM).

Painting a rosy picture, he said production of the Moskvich (“Muscovite”), a Soviet-era brand that fell into obscurity after the fall of the Soviet Union – would resume by the end of the month, in a plant taken over from Renault.

He also noted that loans and subsidies for manufacturers had supported the market and said 55,000 vehicles had been sold with government support this year.

Manturov also proposed extending preferential car financing to military personnel, adding: “Today we can speak of an emerging trend towards a recovery of the industry.”

Sokolov was markedly less optimistic.

He said the number of cars sold in Russia would fall below 1 million this year, a first in modern history.

“Last year it was a little over 1.6 (million); God willing, this year it will be 670,000-700,000,” he said at the annual Transport Week conference.

This compares to sales of around 3 million units a year as recently as 2012 – before a plunge induced in part by a previous wave of sanctions in 2014, after Russia unilaterally annexed Crimea from Ukraine.

“Indeed, Avtovaz, as well as the entire automotive industry of the Russian Federation, has probably found itself in the most difficult situation this year,” Sokolov said.

“We have never before faced such a large-scale and comprehensive challenge.”

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